Incline Dumbbell Lateral Delt Raise
How to Do the Incline Dumbbell Lateral Delt Raise - Side of Body on Swiss Ball | In-Depth Guide [VISUAL LEARNERS]
Proper Form & Common Mistakes | Home Resistance Training
WHAT DO YOU WANT TO SEE?
MUSCLES THIS WORKS
MAIN MUSCLES WORKED IN Incline Dumbbell Lateral Raises
WHAT WE'RE DOING TODAY
ALL WE'RE DOING:
While leaning against a yoga ball, move your arm away from your body out to your side, like a bird taking flight.
Lateral raises in the inclined position will decrease the contribution of the supraspinatus to work the lateral deltoid more. As the arm is lifted out to the side, the lever arm will be longest (weight furthest away from the axis of rotation and torque is the greatest) when the arm is parallel to the floor - approximately 40-50 degrees of shoulder abduction (depending on body size and size of ball).
In this position, the supraspinatus is relatively weak and does not contribute much to lifting the arm into abduction. The lateral deltoid is approaching its strongest position (roughly 60-75 degrees of abduction).
HOW TO DO THE EXERCISE
HOW Incline Dumbbell Lateral Delt Raises SHAPE OUR BODY
The exercise will tone and build the muscles of the top of the shoulder and the arm. It adds to that capped shoulder look.
When you train the shoulder muscles, it helps make the waist look smaller as well.
I personally love the capped shoulder look, so it’s something I have made a mainstay of my routine.
PROPER FORM: Incline Dumbbell Lateral Delt Raises
EQUIPMENT, SETS & REPS
SUGGESTED STARTING WEIGHT FOR WOMEN:
SETS & REPS:
2-3 Sets, 8-10 Reps
BODY POSITION FOR THE Incline Dumbbell Lateral Raise
BODY STANCE: Kneel on the floor beside the stability ball, with the non-working arm closest to the ball. Lie your side over the stability ball. The ball supports your torso from underarm to hips (roughly - depends on length or torso and size of ball). Neutral spine. The ball helps to support your spine in a neutral position. Your head, shoulder, torso and hips should be in a straight line. Sternum lifted, shoulders back, chest open, shoulder blades in and down the back.
LEG/FOOT: Your legs and feet should be positioned so that your body is stable. Options include: 1) both knees bent feet stacked; 2) Top leg straight, bottom leg bent; 3) both legs straight - feet staggered, one in front of the other; 4) both legs straight, feet stacked. Foot placement will not change the exercise–it needs to be comfortable and the most important thing is that you are able to hold your body without too much effort.
HAND/GRIP: Grip the dumbbell with a neutral grip. Thumb will point forward (same way the body is facing).
ARM: The working arm (top arm) is straight slightly in front of the hip. Your bottom arm is on the ball, your upper arm (shoulder to elbow) in contact with the ball, elbow bent and resting head in hand. Some people may prefer to put the hand on the floor to help stabilize, or hold on to the ball - the non working arm should be comfortable and stable.
HOW TO DO
HOW TO DO Incline Dumbbell Lateral Delt Raises
CUE: The target muscles work hardest when your arm is parallel to the floor. Do not think that lifting higher is better.
Lift your top arm up until it is at about 70- 80 degrees of abduction (not quite straight up in line with the shoulder).
Slowly lower your arm back down but do not let your arm touch the side of your body - keep tension on the muscle. Begin the next rep.
HOW TO SAFELY GET OUT OF THE EXERCISE
At the bottom of the movement, set your arm on the side of the torso. Lower your hips down to the floor. Set the weight on the floor.
WHAT TO AVOID WITH Incline Dumbbell Lateral Raises
Guess what? Good news! Many avoids are the same for most movements. Once you learn the basics, there's really only a few extra avoids for each individual movement.
1. Avoid hands above shoulders
AVOID: Avoid hands above shoulders.
- This will not increase the work the muscles are doing
- This position can increase the risk for pinching the supraspinatus muscle (shoulder impingement).
- Lifting higher can promote low back extension (as compensation when the deltoid fatigues).
WHAT TO DO:
- Monitor height of hands, they should not be higher than the shoulders.
2. Avoid Bringing Shoulders Up Towards Ears
AVOID: Avoid hunching up shoulders.
- This will activate your upper traps (trapezius) and compress the vertebrae in your neck. Your upper trapezius is located on either side of your neck, where your bra straps would usually sit. These muscles can get too involved in LOTS of movements and lead to excessive muscle growth here that most of women don't really want, AND also cause tension in our shoulders and neck.
WHAT TO DO: Keep shoulders pressed down.
3. avoid hip dropping
AVOID: Avoid hips dropping or pushing out.
WHAT TO DO:
- Keep hips in alignment with the rest of the body.
- Think of your head to knees as one straight line tipped over in a diagonal line.
4. avoid bending elbow
AVOID: Avoid letting the elbow bend.
- Bending the elbow when the hand gets close to the floor can cause you to start substituting using the triceps to initiate the lift instead of the supraspinatus and lateral deltoid.
WHAT TO DO:
- Only lower the arm down as far as you are able to without bending the elbow.
5. avoid hands drifting forward
AVOID: Avoid letting the arm drift to the front of the body.
- Moving the arm in front of the body will use the anterior portion of the deltoid muscle.
WHAT TO DO:
- Keep your arm directly to your side.
6. Avoid Bending Spine
AVOID: Avoid flexing/extending the spine.
- Repetitive movement through the spine can be irritating to the joints, discs and tissues.
- Moving through the back to get the weights higher will not make the shoulder muscles work harder.
WHAT TO DO:
- Keep your core muscles engaged to stabilize the torso and limit the movement to the shoulders.
- You should be able to draw a line straight down the side of the body.
7. Avoid Bending Neck
AVOID: Avoid tilting the neck.
- This can strain the muscles along the spine.
WHAT TO DO:
- Let your gaze go with the same degree that your torso bends over.
WHAT WE'RE DOING TODAY
WHAT & WHY
BENEFITS OF TRAINING THE lateral deltoid
We are hitting the side of our shoulder muscle today folks!
Main shoulder muscle = Deltoid.
Side portion of that muscle = Lateral Delt.
Why we're bothering to "hit" it in a minute.
The side lateral deltoid raise exercises focuses on working the middle (or lateral) portion of the deltoid and the supraspinatus (one muscle of the rotator cuff), with little input from the other parts of the deltoid muscle. There aren’t really a ton of exercises that target this muscle very well, so this is one of the really great core movements to use for training this muscle.
KEY TIP is to only raise the arms to shoulder height, no higher, to protect the health of your shoulders.
WHY BOTHER DOING IT?
WHY DO WE EVEN CARE?
The lateral delt, which remember is just a fancy word to say the side of your shoulder muscle, is used daily for activities that have to do with carrying items out to our sides or raising items out to our sides.
KEEP MUSCLES BALANCED IN RELATION TO EACH OTHER
All 3 parts of the shoulder muscle- the front, side, and back of the deltoid (which are called the anterior, lateral & posterior parts of the delt) work together to move and support the shoulder joint. It is important to include exercises that target each one of these portions of the muscle to keep all portions of the muscle balanced.
Many people only include exercises that work the front of the deltoid muscle, creating an imbalance that can pull the upper arm forward.
HELP RECTIFY IMBALANCE CAUSED BY DAILY MODERN LIFE
Another thing that can contribute to an imbalance is that much of our daily activities are done in front of our bodies, like working on a computer, writing, eating, driving, and reading. This can result in a rounded shoulder posture, and it can interfere with how the shoulder joint moves. Doing lateral raises will help to balance this out by increasing the strength of the side delt.
EFFECTIVE EXERCISE FOR THIS MUSCLE
Effective training for the lateral deltoid involves lifting your arm out to the side, away from the body. The lateral deltoid raise is exactly that. The exercise targets the lateral deltoid and supraspinatus by keeping the torso stable while lifting the arm out to the side. The addition of a weight serves two purposes, it pulls the arm down in the shoulder socket (the lateral deltoid and supraspinatus will work to hold the upper arm bone up in the socket), and it works the muscles as the arm is lifted up out to the side of the body.
A well-designed exercise program will include exercises that target each portion of the deltoid muscle. If one part of the deltoid is not strong enough, it can cause improper movement of the shoulder joint, which over time can cause damage.
EVERYDAY LIFE &
HOW WE USE OUR lateral deltoid MUSCLES IN EVERYDAY LIFE
1. LIFTING ARMS STRAIGHT OUT TO YOUR SIDES
This is called abduction & nope, it doesn't involve your arms being abducted by aliens, a good thing wheww. Think about how many movements we do throughout the week, I mean even throughout the DAY that involve our arms moving out to the sides or holding them out to the sides of us in some way, which is its main function:
- Washing, drying your hair
- Brushing teeth
- Pulling up socks or pants
- Carrying kids on your hip
- Lots of stuff with kids
2. STABILIZING YOUR SHOULDER JOINT
Pulls upward on our upper arm bone (humerus) against downward pulls. This helps ensure the bone stays in the right place on the body so the joint doesn't get damaged.
- Carrying heavy items down at your side like:
- Multiple bags of groceries anyone?
- Luggage (you should stop doing that and get one with rollers btw)
QUICK NOTE: The lateral deltoid is not actually it's own muscle - it's 1 part of a larger muscle (just "the deltoid") that has 3 main parts. I needed to clarify that or Carol the PT I work with will probably kill me. Just kidding, she's way too nice to do that.
HOW TO FEEL WHAT MUSCLE IS WORKING
How to Feel What Muscle is Working
Place your fingers of one hand on the top of the opposite shoulder. Lift the arm straight out to the side.
SPIFFILICIOUS FACTS ABOUT MUSCLES & MOVES
As we've discussed, the lateral deltoid muscle is what moves the arm away from the body out to the SIDE of you.
This is the movement that you would use to lift your arm out to put your arm into the sleeve of a coat, or lift and carry items out to the side, such as groceries, buckets, a suitcase, or carrying a child on your hip. The lateral deltoid works with the supraspinatus (one of the rotator cuff muscles) to perform this movement. Although the primary function of the lateral deltoid is to lift the arm out to the side, if you lift an object that is too heavy for another portion of the deltoid to lift (regardless of where the arm is) the lateral deltoid will assist the other portions of the deltoid.
The three portions of the deltoid muscle are all insert on the upper arm bone through one tendon. Anytime that one of the portions of the muscle is not strong enough to do its job, the other portions of the deltoid will help. If you use a heavy weight, The front of the delt (anterior) and posterior delt (rear) of the deltoid muscle are also active. The different portions of the deltoid can be targeted by changing the position of the arm relative to the body and also with rotation of the arm.
This lateral deltoid raise will also strengthen all of the rotator cuff muscles and the muscles that move the shoulder blade which contributes to good posture.
Another very important function of the lateral deltoid muscle is to hold the upper arm bone (humerus) in the socket of the shoulder joint. The shoulder joint is a very unstable ball and socket joint. The role of the muscles that stabilize the joint is to hold the ball or head of the upper arm bone (humerus) centered in the socket when holding an object and with the movement of the arm. Gravity and the other rotator cuff muscles (all but the supraspinatus - teres minor, infraspinatus, and subscapularis) are positioned to move the head of the humerus down in the socket. The lateral deltoid (with assistance from the other portions - but it depends on exactly how the arm is being pulled down) contracts to hold the head of the upper arm bone (the humerus) up and centered in the socket. This is important for avoiding shoulder injuries of the rotator cuff muscles and preventing degenerative changes in the joint.
The way that these muscles act together to hold the ball in the socket is known as a force couple - the muscles each pulling in different directions to stabilize the joint. It is important that all portions of the deltoid and the rotator cuff are exercises in ways that will train the muscles to stabilize the joint.
ALLLL MUSCLES & WHEN
ALL MUSCLES WORKING & WHEN DURING THE Incline Dumbbell Lateral Delt Raise
Rotator cuff and shoulder blade muscles work to stabilize the shoulder joint throughout the movement. The muscles of the upper arm and forearm are working isometrically to hold the elbow and wrist joints still during the arm lift.
Core, nonworking arm, and legs are active to stabilize and keep the body in alignment as it leans over the ball.
The supraspinatus (one of the rotator cuff muscles that acts to abduct the shoulder) muscle will be most active in the beginning of the movement, the lateral deltoid will help a bit but it is pretty weak in this position. As the arm moves up the supraspinatus contributes less and the lateral deltoid will contribute more. At 60 degrees of abduction, the supraspinatus will continue to work to stabilize the shoulder joint but will not participate much in shoulder abduction.
The lateral deltoid will be working the hardest when the arm is parallel to the floor.
After passing the point where the arm is parallel to the floor the torque on the shoulder joint will begin to decrease and the lateral deltoid muscle activity will decrease.
The deltoid and supraspinatus will work eccentrically to lower the arm back towards the torso.