Dumbbell Zero Front Raise
How to Do the Dumbbell Zero Front Delt Raise - Shoulder Exercise | In-Depth Guide [VISUAL LEARNERS]
Proper Form, Common Mistakes, & Variations | Home Strength Training
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MAIN MUSCLES WORKED IN Dumbbell Zero Front Raises
OTHER MUSCLES WORKED:
- Pectoralis major
- Biceps brachii
- Rotator cuff (infraspinatus, supraspinatus, subscapularis, teres minor)
- Mid and lower trapezius
- Latissimus dorsi
WHAT & WHY
BENEFITS OF TRAINING THE anterior deltoid
WHAT WE'RE DOING TODAY
ALL WE'RE DOING:
We're drawing a narrow zero with our fists outstretched in front of us.
This front raise variation focus on the anterior (aka front) deltoid muscle by lifting the arm straight up and lowering it straight down. This is a really effective way to try to isolate the anterior deltoid. Zero delt raises is an exercise that adds just a little variety to the path that is taken during the front raise. Moving the arm in more than one direction during the movement will use more muscles. The chest, upper back, arm, and rotator cuff muscles will be more active.
Zero Front Raises are done in standing, lifting the arms to the front while adding rotation or slight movement to the sides. Pay close attention to the exact path that the arm is taking. Concentrate on the control and stability of the shoulder joint and feeling how the muscles of the upper body are working together. These exercises will be more beneficial if you really work on controlling the movement.
WHY DO WE EVEN CARE?
WORK MORE MUSCLES TOGETHER THAT USUALLY WORK TOGETHER
One of the benefits of standard front raises is that they do a pretty good job of really isolating the anterior deltoid muscle. The surrounding muscles, the pectoralis major, coracobrachialis, and biceps brachii, are working at a pretty low level as the anterior deltoid does the heavy lifting. Front Raises definitely serve a purpose, but it is a good idea to include exercises in your weekly program that work all of the muscles that support and move the shoulder joint. You can work these muscles by adding a small movement in other directions.
Combining movements, in this case lifting while rotating or moving in and out, will be more challenging for the muscles of the arm, chest, upper back, and rotator cuff. Training all of these muscles to work together will improve motor control, proprioception (your awareness of where your arm is), shoulder stability, and posture.
TRAINS MORE ROTATOR CUFF TOO
The rotator cuff muscles are responsible for centering the top of the upper arm bone in the small cup that is part of the shoulder blade. Training the rotator cuff muscles during arm strengthening exercises helps to promote stability of the shoulder and the healthy movement of the joint needed to prevent injury to the soft tissues and joints.
Lifting the arm straight out to the front is a common movement. We do a lot of heavy lifting straight in front of us, lifting kids, groceries, and heavy boxes. When you lift a lot of weight in front of your body, the muscles on the back of the body need to be able to hold you upright so you don’t get pulled forward. It is important to make sure all of the supporting muscles that help to protect the upper back and shoulder joints are strong enough to support the load that the bigger muscles are capable of lifting.
EVERYDAY LIFE &
HOW WE USE OUR anterior deltoid IN EVERYDAY LIFE
1. LIFT THE ARM TO THE FRONT
- Lifting a child out of the crib
- Painting a wall with a roller
- Lifting a pan from the oven
- Lifting a gallon of milk out of the refrigerator
2. HOLDING THE ARM IN FRONT OF YOU
- Pushing a wheelbarrow
- Using a can opener
- Carrying a laundry basket
3. TURNING THE UPPER ARM INWARD (ESPECIALLY WHILE LIFTING OR HOLDING THE ARM TO THE FRONT, ELBOW STRAIGHT)
- Using a screwdriver
- Closing a spigot
- Using a wrench
4. STABILIZES THE SHOULDER JOINT, PROTECTS AGAINST A DOWNWARD FORCE
- Holding heavy items to the side
- Balancing the force of the pectoralis major or latissimus dorsi
- Pulling yourself up on a ladder
HOW Dumbbell Zero Front Raises SHAPE OUR BODY
Firm and toned shoulders, forms the bulk of the shoulder muscle (along with the lateral and posterior deltoid).
This version of the front raise adds movement of the arm slightly out to the side and back in again - “drawing” a narrow zero shape. Adding movement in another direction, not just up and down, will work more muscles and reinforce good movement patterns. In this case, the rotator cuff muscles and the muscles of the shoulder blade will be working together to adjust their position as the arm changes directions. Adds another way/direction of movement to the straight front raise
The movement is done from the same starting position as standard front raises. Instead of just lifting and lowering the arm down, the Zero Front Raise moves the arms in a narrow oval shape - like a narrow zero. This shape moves the arm out to and in form the side as it lifts up and down. This added movement will work the lateral deltoid and one of the rotator cuff muscles (supraspinatus) as the arm moves out to the side. And, the coracobrachialis and pectoralis major will work more as the arm moves back in.
How to Feel What Muscle is Working
Place your fingers of one hand on the top of the opposite shoulder towards the front. Place the other hand under a stationary object, like the top of a table or the arm of a chair. Lift the arm forward and up. You should feel the muscle fibers contract under your fingers.
PROPER FORM: Dumbbell Zero Front Raise
EQUIPMENT, SETS & REPS
SUGGESTED STARTING WEIGHT FOR WOMEN:
SETS & REPS:
4-5 Zeros in each direction
Controlled movement - Can be quicker on the up movements and slower down, keeping the shape of the movement.
BODY POSITION FOR THE Dumbbell Zero Front Raise
FEET: Feet shoulder-width apart, toes pointed forward.
BODY STANCE: Neutral spine (includes neck), knees slightly bent, sternum lifted, shoulder blades in and down the back, space between the top of your shoulders and your earlobe.
ARMS: In front of your hips with your elbows straight but not locked - can have a slight bend as this can be more comfortable - less strain on your elbow joint, but do not move through your elbow.
HANDS/GRIP: Pronated forearm grip, palms facing front of thighs. This should be comfortable, it is fine if you prefer a neutral grip position (palms facing in).
HOW TO DO
HOW TO DO Dumbbell Zero Front Raises
CUE: Focus on the shape you are “drawing” with the weights to get the maximum benefit of the exercise.
Lift your arms up in a narrow oval pattern - as they lift up, they move in slightly - the ends of the dumbbells move closer together about halfway up, and then begin to move apart again.
At the top of the movement (shoulder level), your hands will be roughly in front of your shoulders. As they lower down, your hands will move slightly out (about 6 inches outside of shoulder-width about halfway down) and then back in as they are lowered back down to the starting position.
Repeat the narrow zero pattern for the desired number of reps and then reverse the direction for the same number of reps.
HOW TO SAFELY GET OUT OF THE EXERCISE
Lower your arms to your sides, squat down to set the weights down.
WHAT TO AVOID WITH THE Dumbbell Zero Front Raise
Guess what? Good news! Many avoids are the same for most movements. Once you learn the basics, there's really only a few extra avoids for each individual movement.
1. Avoid Hands Above Shoulders
AVOID: Lifting your arm higher than 90 degrees (in line with the shoulder).
- This can close down the space between the upper arm bone and the shoulder blade/collarbone and can irritate the tendons that pass through this area - shoulder impingement.
WHAT TO DO:
- The torque on the shoulder joint is greatest when the weight is held parallel to the floor, going higher will not increase the amount of work the muscle is doing
- The benefit of lifting higher does not outweigh the risk
2. Avoid Rounding Shoulders
AVOID: Rounding your shoulders.
- This would decrease the amount of space between the upper arm bone and the shoulder blade/collarbone and can irritate the tendons that pass through this area.
WHAT TO DO:
- Think of lifting the sternum, opening the chest, and gently engaging the core muscles.
3. Avoid Arching/rounding spine
AVOID: Arching/rounding the spine.
- Spine should stay exactly where it is the whole time not moving.
WHAT TO DO:
- Only arms move from the shoulder joint.
4. Avoid bending wrists
AVOID: Bending at your wrists.
- Poor alignment (bent forward or backward) or repetitive movement through the wrist can lead to joint and/or soft tissue irritation or injury over time.
WHAT TO DO:
- Your wrists should be in line with your forearm and should be still throughout the exercise.
5. Avoid Locking Knees
AVOID: Straightening or locking the knees.
- This tends to decrease the lumbar curve, pull on the hamstrings and decrease the muscle activity of the legs.
- Locking the knees puts stress on the knee joint and can make it more difficult to maintain a neutral spine.
WHAT TO DO:
- The knees should be soft.
6. Avoid Tensing Neck
AVOID: Using your neck muscles.
- This can lead to neck strain, injury or damage over time.
WHAT TO DO:
- You may feel neck discomfort, find that you are pressing down with your head, or gripping with your neck muscles.
- Gripping neck muscles in an attempt to stabilize the shoulders: relax the neck and activate the core muscles more, activate the scapular stabilizers in retraction and depression.
7. Avoid Elbows Bending
AVOID: Letting the elbow bend.
- Bending the elbow will allow the biceps muscle to help out more, decreasing the anterior deltoid activity.
WHAT TO DO:
- It is ok to have a very slight bend in the elbow if that is more comfortable, but it should be small.
VARIATIONS OF Dumbbell Zero Front Raises
Seated Zero Front Raise
Stability Ball Zero Front Raise
SPIFFILICIOUS FACTS ABOUT MUSCLES & MOVES
The deltoid muscle is the most visible muscle in the shoulder region. The deltoid originates on the shoulder blade (scapula) and the collarbone (clavicle) and attaches to the upper arm bone (humerus), its primary function is to lift the arm. The muscle is frequently described as three different portions - the anterior (front) fibers, the middle fibers, and the posterior (rear) fibers. The position of the muscle fibers will determine their action. The anterior or front fibers act to lift the arm up to the front and rotate the arm inward. The deltoid helps to stabilize the shoulder joint, especially against a downward pull from gravity, or the pull of the strong lats and pectoralis major muscles.
ALLLL MUSCLES & WHEN
ALL MUSCLES WORKING & WHEN DURING THE Dumbbell Zero Front Raise
The core stabilizers work to hold the spine in a neutral position throughout the exercise. The muscles of the forearm (extensor carpi radialis longus and brevis, extensor cpi ulnaris) will work isometrically to hold the wrist in a neutral position.
The movement of the arms begins with the arms in front of the hips. The scapular stabilizers hold the shoulder blades down and in.
The anterior deltoid along with the biceps, coracobrachialis, and upper fibers of the pectoralis major contract concentrically to lift the arm up. As the arm is lifted the pectoralis major and coracobrachialis will contract concentrically to move the arms towards the midline (horizontal adduction) as they follow the first half of the pattern.
At the top of the zero, the lateral deltoid will become more active (concentric contraction) to move the arm out to the side (horizontal abduction). The lateral deltoid and supraspinatus work eccentrically as the arm is lowered back down to the starting position.